Humanitarian Assistance Webcast: New Warfare Technologies, New Protection Challenges
April 24, 2014 - 10:00am - 11:00am
Cambridge, United States
Recent scientific and technological advances have given rise to unprecedented means and methods of warfare. Some of these new technologies — such as observation and combat drones — are already in use, while others — for example, nanotechnologies, combat robots, and laser weapons — are still in experimental stages.
These developments have, and will continue to, profoundly change the ways that modern actors engage in armed conflict. On the one hand, these technologies can not only limit civilian losses but also can spare the lives of combatants. On the other hand, certain features of these new technologies raise unprecedented issues that make the legality of an attack more difficult to ascertain and the attribution of responsibility more complex.
This Humanitarian Action Webcast, produced in partnership with the International Review of the Red Cross, will explore contemporary technological developments and will discuss the resulting challenges that emerge for humanitarian protection. Specifically, this webcast will examine the following questions:
- To what extent have new technologies changed the way that modern actors think about conduct during armed conflict?
- What are the legal challenges and considerations that access to advanced technologies bring forth?
- How can and should humanitarian agencies harness new technology?
- How do new technologies influence traditional views and operational strategies for humanitarian intervention and humanitarian assistance?
- Mr. Claude Bruderlein, Strategic Advisor, International Committee of the Red Cross
- Ms. Bonnie Docherty, Senior Researcher in the Arms Division at Human Rights Watch, instructor at the International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School
- Professor Brian Rappert; Sociology, Philosophy & Anthropology Department; University of Exeter
- Professor Noel Sharkey, Emeritus Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics and Professor of Public Engagement, University of Sheffield; Chairman of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control
- Professor Michael Lewis, Ohio Northern University, Claude W. Pettit College of Law
- Dr. Peter Singer, Director of the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence and a Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Program, Brookings (providing introductory comments)
Yemen in Transition
March 20, 2014 - 10:00am - 11:00am
Cambridge, United States
Presented in partnership with Médecins Sans Frontières
Despite the Yemeni Government’s commitment to the 2014 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan and ongoing efforts toward a sustainable political transition, the country’s humanitarian situation remains dire. As Yemen struggles to sustain a series of ceasefires, strengthen its central authority, and provide humanitarian assistance to its population, violence between Yemen’s armed forces and various armed groups threatens to destabilize an already fragile transition.
According to Mr. Ismail Ould Cheick Ahmed, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, “the scale of current needs makes Yemen one of the largest humanitarian emergencies globally. In 2014, more than half of Yemen’s population will need some form of humanitarian assistance.” Over recent weeks, violence has escalated with reports of indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks by Yemen’s armed forces. As of 26 February, the Government of Yemen had not yet granted access to humanitarian agencies, and increasing insecurity makes delivery of humanitarian assistance precarious. Anticipating the potential impact of the escalated violence on the political transition, the UN Security Council announced a resolution on 27 February establishing sanctions on those obstructing or undermining the transition process.
In light of this rapidly evolving context, the Humanitarian Assistance Webcast will explore the following questions:
- What strategies and legal mechanisms can be implemented in order to minimize disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks and promote accountability for violations of international law resulting from such attacks?
- What are the possible avenues to explore for humanitarian agencies if access continues to be restricted by the Government of Yemen?
- What are the implications of a sanctions-based approach to maintaining the progress of a political transition process?
- Dr. Francoise Bouchet-Saulnier, Médecins Sans Frontières, Legal Director
- Mr. Johannes Van Der Klaauw, Yemen Humanitarian Coordinator
- Mr. Nassar Arrabyee, Journalist, President and Founder of Yemen Alaan
- Situation Report No.4 - Conflict and displacement in Amran and Al Dhale'e Governorates UN OCHA Yemen, March 18, 2014
- Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Nasser Arrabyee, March 11, 2014 Would UN Sanctions Help Yemen’s Transition?
- Irin News, 24 February 2014 Conflict in Yemen’s north threatens political transition
- UN Security Council - 7119th Meeting (AM), 26 February 2014 Security Council Adopts Resolution 2140 (2014), Welcoming Yemen’s Peaceful Transition Towards New Constitution, General Elections
- Yemen’s National Dialogue Middle East Institute - Policy Paper Series, February 2014
- The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law, Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier, Editor
World Disaster Report 2013 Launch Live Web Seminar
October 17, 2013 - 9:30am - 11:00am
Cambridge, MA, United States
The World Disaster Report (WDR) 2013 examines the profound impact of technological innovations on humanitarian action, how humanitarians employ technology in new and creative ways, and what risks and opportunities may emerge as a result of technological innovations. The responsible use of technology offers concrete way