Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding
This multi-annual research and policy project is geared toward developing capacity building measures and practical methodological tools for practitioners engaged in monitoring, reporting, and fact-finding (MRF) mechanisms. To this end, HPCR has engineered the Harvard Group of Professionals on Monitoring, Reporting and Fact-finding, a collective of high-level MRF practitioners that will convene over the coming years to guide HPCR’s research and policy initiatives in the domain of MRF. HPCR's publications in this domain include:
- "Recommendations and Follow-Up Measures in Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-Finding Missions" (August 2014)
- "Communication and Report Drafting in Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Missions" (July 2014)
- "Protection of Witnesses, Victims, and Staff in Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Missions" (February 2014)
- "Finding the Facts: Standards of Proof and Information Handling in Monitoring, Reporting and Fact-Finding Missions" (February 2014)
- "The Design and Planning of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Missions" (December 2013)
- "Selecting and Applying Legal Lenses in Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Missions" (October 2013)
- "Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding in Bahrain and Syria During the Arab Spring" (January 2013)
- "On Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Mechanisms" (July 2012)
- "Building Effective Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding Mechanisms" (April 2012)
HPCR has also published the "HPCR Digital Library of Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding," which provides information — including links to mandates and reports — related to MRF missions implemented since the end of World War II. Additionally, HPCR has produced various live web seminars on the topic:
- “Monitoring Humanitarian Crises in the Digital Age: Crisis Mapping, Crowdsourcing, and Satellite Imagery” (December 2012)
- "Monitoring the Implementation of IHL: The Expanding Role of the Human Rights Council"(November 2010)
- "The Challenges of Investigating Violations of IHL: From Fact-Finding to War" (November 2009)
The Harvard Group of Professionals at the Group's inaugural meeting in Talloires, France in October 2012. From left to right: Paulo Pinheiro, Charlotte Heggli (Swiss Donor Representative), Beatrice Mégevand-Roggo, Karen AbuZayd, Philippe Kirsch, Claude Bruderlein (HPCR Chair), Hina Jilani, Luc Côté, Théo Boutruche, Anaide Nahikian (HPCR), Rob Grace (HPCR), and Cynthia Petrigh.
The Harvard Group of Professionals on Monitoring, Reporting, and Fact-finding is composed of a diverse array of high-level practitioners representing a broad cross-section of professional experience and expertise. The Group of Professionals includes:
Karen AbuZayd is currently a Commissioner for the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Syria, mandated by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011. Previously, she served as Commissioner-General for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNWRA) from 2005 to 2010 and as Deputy Commissioner-General of UNWRA from 2000 to 2005. She spent 19 years working for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in various capacities, including as Chief of Mission in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War; Head of Office in Freetown, Sierra Leone during the Liberian civil war; and Regional Representative for the United States and Caribbean. She has lectured on Political Science and Islamic Studies at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda and Juba University in the Sudan.
Théo Boutruche holds a PhD in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva) and from the Aix-Marseille Faculty of Law (France). He is currently the Post-Conflict Legal Adviser at REDRESS in London. Previously, he worked as the Amnesty International Researcher on the Democratic Republic of Congo at the International Secretariat in London and as the IHL/Human Rights Expert for the Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on the Conflict in Georgia created by the European Union. Also, as a consultant in international human rights and humanitarian law, he has worked for various NGOs, including Save the Children and the Diakonia IHL Programme. He has published several articles and book chapters on international law related issues, including transitional justice, fact-finding, the protection of civilians in times of armed conflict, and the regulation of means and methods of warfare under IHL. His PhD thesis, “The Prohibition of Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering in International Humanitarian Law,” was awarded the 2009 ICRC Paul Reuter Prize on International Humanitarian Law. Visit his blog, The Art of Facts - A Legal Blog on Fact-Finding and Armed Conflicts, at: http://www.theartoffacts.org/
Luc Côté has been a Criminal Law attorney for nearly 30 years, the last 20 years in International Criminal Law. In 2001, he graduated from the Higher Institute of International Studies in Geneva. He worked in international prosecutions (Senior Legal Adviser with ICTR for 4 years, Chief of Prosecutions for the Special Court for Sierra Leone for 3 years). Following that, he acted as Executive Director of the UN Independent Special Commission of Inquiry for Timor-Leste (2006), the UN mapping exercise conducted in the DRC (2008), and the Independent International Commission of Inquiry for Kyrgyzstan (2011). Since 2006, Mr. Côté has worked as a consultant with the UN and NGOs on transitional justice and on investigations and prosecutions of crimes against international criminal law. He worked on projects in Kenya (for Somalia), in Bosnia, in Haiti, and in Lebanon. He is currently involved in projects in Tunisia, Libya, the DRC, and Ivory Coast.
Hina Jilani is a human rights activist from Lahore, Pakistan. From 2000 to 2008, she served as the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Human Rights Defenders, for which she undertook visits to numerous countries, including Angola, Indonesia, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Kyrgyzstan, and Serbia. She also served as a Member of the United Nations Fact-finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict in 2009 and on the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur from 2004 to 2005. She is one of the founders of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and of the Women’s Action Forum. In 2008, she was the recipient of the American Bar Association's International Human Rights Lawyer Award.
Philippe Kirsch recently served as the Chairperson for the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Libya and as a Commissioner for the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry. He served as Chairman of the Committee of the Whole of the Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of the International Criminal Court in 1998 and as the Chairman of the Preparatory Commission for the ICC from 1999 to 2002. Subsequently, he served as the first president and as a judge for the ICC. He has also been engaged in the development of international criminal law related to terrorism and has served as Chairman or President for several international conferences addressing this issue His numerous Canadian Government positions have included Assistant Deputy Minister for Legal, Consular and Passport Affairs, Ottawa (1995-1996) and Deputy Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations (1988-1992). He recently presided as an ad hoc judge over the Belgium v. Senegal case for the International Court of Justice.
Beatrice Mégevand-Roggo holds a masters in Political Science (contemporary history and international relations) from Università Statale in Milan (Italy). After working as an assistant professor at Università degli Studi, as a free-lance journalist, and as a consultant to NGOs for the assessment/monitoring of development projects in several countries in Africa and Latin America, she joined the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1987. She worked in a wide range of regions, including Latin America, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Africa, and the Middle East. Her most recent assignments with the ICRC were Regional Director for Europe (including Russia and the Caucasus) and the Americas (including Guantanamo and Haiti, etc.) from 2002 to 2006, and Regional Director for the Middle East from 2007 to June 2012, when she retired from the ICRC.
Cynthia Petrigh has been working in the field of Human rights, IHL, and peace processes for the past 19 years. Her international experience includes setting up a rehabilitation center for victims of torture (as Executive Director of Centre Nassim in Beirut), teaching (as Director of the refugee law courses at the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in San Remo), and supporting peace processes (as Director of Policy and Comparative Learning at Conciliation Resources in London). She directly participated in MRF missions as a Human Rights Expert for the Kyrgyzstan Inquiry Commission and as a Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law Expert for the International Monitoring Team in Mindanao. She has authored several articles on the Middle East, on displacement, and on Islam and peace.
Paulo Pinheiro is currently the Chairman of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Syria, mandated in 2011 by the United Nations Human Rights Council, and a Commissioner for the National Truth Commission for Brazil, mandated in 2011 by the Government of Brazil. He served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Myanmar from 2000 to 2008, the Independent Expert for the United Nations Secretary-General’s Study on Violence Against Children from 2003 to 2006, and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Burundi from 1995 to 1999. He was also a Commissioner on the OAS-Inter-American Commission on Human Rights from 2004 to 2011. His various Brazilian governmental positions include Rapporteur of the Brazilian National Human Rights Plan (1995-1996 and 1998-2001), Rapporteur of the Sao Paulo State Human Rights Plan (1997-1998), and Secretary of State for Human Rights (2001-2002). He has been a visiting professor at Brown University, Columbia University, Oxford, and the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris.